If you’re new to wine or are simply someone who’s confused about the various types of wines available out there, you’re in the right place! Wines have been in existence since almost 6000 BC, and have evolved drastically over the years, growing in quality, flavors and types.
While there are over a hundred types of wines available if you consider wines found specifically in a couple of countries, they’re essentially categorized under the 5 basic types of wines. Read on to find out more!
Produced from green grapes, and rarely black grapes, white wines are typically yellowish in color and have light and creamy flavors. They don’t retain colors from the grapes, and are usually made from grape varieties like Chardonnay, Sauvignon and Muscat, among others.
Unlike white wines, red wines are made from black grapes, and retain the colors from the grape skins. They have a large range of flavors and are typically reddish or brownish in color. Red wines are also considered to be good for health when taken in moderation, and goes well with a variety of foods. They’re usually made from grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache and Merlot, among others.
Wine that contains and additional distilled beverage or spirit is called a fortified wine. It mostly consists of dessert wines, which are typically sweet wines meant to be drunk after a meal. However, there are also dry style (less sweet) fortified wines like Vermouth and Sherry.
Not to be confused with red wines despite the similar appearance, rosé wines also retain some of the color from the grape skins, but not as much as red wines. They are typically pinkish in color, and have light and sweet flavors. Produced mainly in Europe, it is sometimes considered the oldest type of wine.
Wines that have significant levels of carbon dioxide to make them fizzy are called sparkling wines. The fizziness might be because of the fermentation method, but might also be because of carbon dioxide injection. They are typically light yellowish in color and have zesty and refreshing flavors. The most commonly known sparkling wines are Champagne and Cava.